Associations Between Religious Coping and Subjective Health Among Muslim Patients in the United States
Hamza Syed, Product Manager, BetterHelp; Iman Mahoui, Medical Student, University of Rochester; Huma Manjra, Research Assistant, Muslim Mental Health and Islamic Psychology Lab; Fahad Khan, Deputy and Clinical Director, Khalil Center; Ummesalmah Abdulbaseer, Medical Student, University of Illinois College of Medicine; Aasim I. Padela, MD, Professor, Emergency Medicine, Bioethics and the Medical Humanities, Medical College of Wisconsin; Mohamed Hamouda, MD, University of Chicago Medical Center and Initiative on Islam and Medicine; Rania Awaad, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine
Prior studies have attempted to understand the role of both positive and negative religious coping in predicting health status and outcomes (Contrada, 2004; Ironson & Kremer, 2009; Sherman et al., 2009; Tarakeshwar & Pargament, 2001). More recently, The Psychological Measure of Islamic Religiousness (PMIR), the first peer-reviewed religious coping scale for Muslims, has been developed to investigate the mediating role of coping between stress and overall health. Our study is the first to employ the PMIR and examine the relationship between religious coping strategies and subjective well-being for 1,319 Muslim men and women who utilized hospital services in the United States from 2020 to 2021. Participants provided demographic information and completed measures of positive/negative religious coping, subjective health, and experiences of discrimination. A positive correlation (r= .062) was observed between positive religious coping and better subjective health while a negative correlation (r= -.175) was observed between negative religious coping and lower subjective health. Moderation analysis was also conducted to measure the interaction of sex and discrimination, although these were not significant. The results of this study and its relationship to the wider literature on religious coping are discussed.